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Who Was Winston Churchill? (Who Was?)Ellen Labrecque
2017年04月23日 (日) | 編集 |
Who Was Winston Churchill? (Who Was?)Who Was Winston Churchill? (Who Was?)
Ellen Labrecque Jerry Hoare

Grosset & Dunlap 2015-04-21
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語数:6,891

ウィンストン・チャーチル氏の伝記。
失敗しても追い詰められても常に前向きの、
激動の時代を生きた戦う人の人生が語られます。

Winston's mother, Jeanette (Jennie) Jerome, was a beautiful and wealthy American. Jennie's family was in England on vacation when she ment Lord Randolph. They became engaged just days after they met.

p12
お母さんはアメリカ人だったんですね。

Winston took the entrance exam for the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, a training center for future British officers. He failed twice. But Winston never gave up. He finally passed on his third try.

p18
何度も試験に落ちた、って結構有名な逸話ですよね。

During one of the South African battles, Winston hepled rescue a British train that had been ambushed by Boer soldiers. He was captured and taken as a prisoner of war in Pretoria, South Africa. He spent his twenty-fifth birthday locked up. Eventually, Winston escaped through a bathroom window. After newspapers reported on his daring prison excape, Winston became famous back home in Great Britain.

p23
「映像の世紀」でボーア戦争でのチャーチルがちらっと映っていましたが、こんなこともあったんですね。

Winston remained in the House of Commons as an elected official for most of the next sixty-three years. He would serve for kings and one queen, Elizabeth Ⅱ.

p27
長いキャリアですね。

Winston served in the military for five and a half months, on the front lines in the trenches. He wrote to his wife asking for supplies such as thigh-high waterproof boots and a sheepskin sleeping bag.

p43
1915-1916

Winston created a policy based on the principle of "first in, first out." If you had been one of the first soldiers to sign up to fight, you were one of the first allowed to go home.

p49
何百万の兵士を国に帰国させる際の新ルール。

In the peace treaty after the war, this land was made into new countries. The Allied Powers who had won the war helped establish Syria, Iraq, and Jordan in the Middle East.

p49
SyriaとLebanonはフランス、IraqとJordanとPalestineはイギリス。

He helped create a peace treaty that allowed Southern Ireland to become an independent country.

p50
そうなんだ。

World War Ⅰ had left the defeated country in shambles.

p60
shamble よろよろ歩く

He often spent one hour preparing for every inute of the speech he was about to give. If a speech was thirty minutes long, he spent nearly thirty hours working on it! But the effort was always worthwhile.

p69
そんなにちゃんと準備する方だったんですね。

In the summer of 1940, Germany attacked Great Britain. They dropped bombs on the city of London for fifty-seven nights in a row. People slept in the subway tunnels for safety. London became a city of burned-down buildings. More than one million houses were damaged or destroyed.

p69
ヨーロッパはあちこち戦場に。。。

Winston refused to sleep inside a protected government bunker. Although he spent his nights watching the bombings from the roof of government buildings, he returned to his home afterward. He wanted to endure these attacks in the same way that her British civilians did.

p72
こういうところが人気の理由のひとつなのでしょうね。

Stalled by England's refusal to quit, and backed by its allies Italy and Jaoan, Germany ended the blitz and invaded the Soviet Union instead.

p72
blitz : 電撃、急襲、(ドイツ空軍による 1940‐41 年の)ロンドン大空襲、集中的な取り組み

His booming, gravelly voice boosted morale and gave the world hope to "keep calm and carry on." This British motto is still repeated all over the world!

p74
boom:とどろき gravelly:〈声が〉がらがらの

On December 7, 1941, President Roosevelt's position changed after Japan attacked a US naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

p76
アメリカ参戦でヨーロッパは助かるわけですが。。

In 1955, he won the Charlemagne Prize from Germany. This prize is one of the highest honors a world leader can receive.

p96
ドイツから勲章を。

He truly believed that success is not final and failure is not fatal; it is the courage to continue that counts.

p100
success is not final and failure is not fatal 激動の時代、人生を過ごした人ならではの言葉で、重みがあります。
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