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Who Was Galileo? (Who Was...?) / Patricia Brennan Demuth
2017年02月26日 (日) | 編集 |
Who Was Galileo? (Who Was...?)
Who Was Galileo? (Who Was...?)Patricia Brennan Demuth John O'Brien

Grosset & Dunlap 2015-02-05
売り上げランキング : 20842


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by G-Tools
YL:3
語数:7200

イタリアの物理学者、天文学者、哲学者、
ガリレオ・ガリレイ(Galileo Galilei)の伝記。

Galileo was torn. He himself was a faithful Catholic who honored church teachings. Yet his own eyes pointed him to a different truth. This truth would put his life at stake.

p5
at stake 賭けられて、危うくなって、問題となって

Songwriters were supposed to follow strict rules for composing. But Vincenzio questioned the rules. He even added notes to the scale!

p14
scale 音階,ドレミファ.
Vincenzio 音楽家だったガリレオの父

He mocked the robes in a long, funny poem. University officials weren't laughing, though. They docked Galileo's pay!

p30
dock 減らす

Later Marina married another man, but that was after Galileo had moved away from Padua. All her life, she stayed strong friends with Galileo.

p43
3人の子供がいたとのこと

How then did Copernicus escape getting into the deep trouble that befell Galileo later on? By not allowing his idea to be published until 1543, when he lay on his deathbed! Copernicus wrote, "The scorn which I had to fear on account of the newness and absurdity of my opinion almost prove me to abandon a work already undertaken."

p67
absurdity 不条理、道理に反すること

He said (correctly) there were dark spots on the sun, called sunspots. And bodies in water either floated or sank because of density, not size. (Correct again.) But what kept upsetting people the most was his idea that Earth did not stand at the center of the universe.

p71

In 1613 he decided to place his two daughters in a convent. Virginia, age thirteen, and Livia, age twelve, would stay in the convent for the rest of their lives. Both girls became nuns when they turned sixteen.

p71
convent (女子の)修道会、(女子の)修道院男子の修道院は monastery

Yet a great many women of the time chose the convent. There they received an education as well as the respect of Catholics.
Like all nuns, Maria Celeste spent her days in prayer, hard work, sacrifice, and study. She never went outside the convent walls. Musical like her grandfather, she directed the choir and played the organ.

p75
“She never went outside the convent walls.”!!!
きびしいですね!
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