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Who Was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? (Who Was...?) / Yona Zeldis McDonough
2017年03月05日 (日) | 編集 |

Who Was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? (Who Was...?)Who Was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? (Who Was...?)
(2003/04/28)
Yona Zeldis McDonough

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ヴォルフガング・アマデウス・モーツァルトの伝記。
イラストが精密で衣装や楽器が美しく描かれています。

Six children had come before him, so he was the baby of the family. But only Wolfgang and his big sister, Maria Anna, lived past their first birthdays. Back them when babies or young children got sick, there were no medicines like there are today. So sadly, it was common for children to die.

p5
同じページにその頃のヨーロッパの地図が掲載されているのですが、
Austrian Monarchy、領土、広いですね。

When Wolfie was first introduced to the empress, he ran right over and jumped on her lap. Then he gave her a big hug and lots of kisses. The empress, who was a mother was charmed.

p24
うーん、人懐っこいですね。子供になれているお母さんでよかったですね(笑)

On tour, Wolfie was often sick. Most days, he gave concerts in the early afternoon and evening. Sometimes he might give three concerts in a single day. He composed music in the morning and at night. Sometimes he stayed up all night and didn't go to sleep until dawn.

p33
7歳でこの働きぶり!
ザルツブルクの博物館で子どもの時の馬車での移動の様子を説明してくれるビデオを見たのですが、ほんと大変そうでした。

For seven weeks, Wolfie and Nannerl could not practice their music because the noise might disturb Papa. Nine-year-old Wolfie needed something to do, so he composed a symphony --- his first. It is called the Symphony in E-flat and is still performed today. Later Nannerl wrote, "I had to copy it out as I sat his side. Whilst he composed and I copied, he said to me: 'Remind me to give the horn something worthwhile to do!'
It is quite remarkable to think of a child writing a symphony. A symphony is a piece of classical music written for an orchestra, which, at that time, was made up of at least eight different instruments.

p38

That night, Wolfie couldn't sleep. He kept hearing the music in his head. He got up and quietly searched for a pen and music paper. Then he sat down and began to write the notes he had heard. It all came back to him. Note for note, the great Miserere was down on paper. It was the first time this had ever been done outside the Pope's choir room. All his life, people would be astonished by Wolfie's ability to hear music and memorize it instantly.

p55
すごい才能!

Constanze and Wolfgang had six children, though only two sons, Karl Thomas and Franz Xaver, lived more than a year. Mozart taught his older son Karl Thomas to play the clavier and to sing. The whole family sang and played music together often. Sometimes, their pet bird, a starling, would join in the songs.

p84
乳児死亡率、高いですね。。
でも楽しそうな家族のイラストが書かれています。
starling ムクドリ

Mozart and Haydn became very close friends. Eventually, Mozart went on to compose many pieces of music that he dedicated to his "dear friend" Haydn. Some were piano concertos. These are pieces of music written for an orchestra with highlights for the piano. Others, eight in all, were for string quartets --- two violins, a viola, and a bass.

p85
いい友達だったのですね!

Despite all the praise heaped on him, Mozart never became too proud. He valued his own music but also appreciated the music of others. He knew that other composers had something to teach him. After hearing the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, he exclaimed, "Now here's something one can learn from!"

p85
素直!

The Marriage of Figaro opened at the Grand Opera House in Vienna and was a big success. The company went on to Prague, which was then part of Bohemia and is now in the Czech Republic. The opera was an even bigger hit there. Everywhere in Prague, people were humming the music from Mozart's opera or dancing to one of its lively tunes.

p90
プラハで大人気!

On December 4, 1791, he asked his friends to join him at his bedside. Together, they sang different parts of the requiem. On December 5, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died. He was only thirty-five. The requiem remained unfinished, though the parts that he did complete are considered some of the most beautiful music he ever wrote.

p98
ここに書かれているイラストでは映画「アマデウス」ほど寂しそうな感じではないですが。。

After Mozart's death, Constanze married a man who became a loving stepfather to Karl Thomas and Franz Xaver.

p100
へー、よかったですね。

In 2002, on the one-year anniversary of the September 11 attacks, choirs around the world sang Mozart's requiem for a span of twenty-four hours in a global effort to honor those who died.

p102

オーケストラの構成

Orchestras always have at least eight instruments, one of which must be a violin. Musical instruments are divided into four types.

Percussion
Percussion instruments are instruments that are struck, such as the piano, the harpsichord, the clavier, drums, cymbals, and xylophone.

Strings
String instruments are played by vibrating strings. The violin, viola, violon-cello, and bass viol are all string instruments.

Woodwinds
Woodwinds are played by blowing on a reed or across an opening. The flute, clarinet, oboe, English horn, saxophone, and bassoon are woodwinds.

Brass
Brass instruments such as the coronet, trumpet, French horn, trombone, and tuba are played by blowing into a circular mouthpiece.

p41


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